Synchronism is an American parallel movement to Orphism. With this art movement that emerged shortly before the First World War. They emphasised the importance of colour, which they believed was alone sufficient to make up the content of a work of art.
Synchromism was an art movement founded in 1912 by the American artists Stanton MacDonald-Wright (1890-1973) and Morgan Russell (1886-1953). Their abstract "synchromies", based on an approach of painting analogous colour to music, were among the first abstract paintings in American art. Although it was short-lived and did not attract many followers, Synchromism became the first American avant-garde art movement to receive international attention. One of the difficulties in describing Synchromism as a coherent style is related to the fact that some Synchromist works are purely abstract, while others contain representative images.
Synchromism is based on the idea that colour and sound are similar phenomena and that the colours in a painting can be orchestrated in the same harmonious way that a composer arranges notes in a symphony. Macdonald-Wright and Russell believed that their visual work, by painting in colour scales, could evoke the same complex sensations as music. As Macdonald-Wright said, "Synchromism simply means 'with colour' as symphony means 'with sound'." The phenomenon of "hearing" a colour or pairing two or more senses - synaesthesia - was also central to Wassily Kandinsky, who developed his own synaesthetic paintings or "compositions" around the same time in Europe.