Process art or processual art is a form of contemporary avant-garde conceptual art that was developed in the 1960s, based on the ideas of minimal art and performance art. Works of process art are intended to make the artist and the viewer aware of time and space, to incorporate backgrounds into the artwork as it is being created, and to concretely initiate and steer developments and make them consciously perceptible.
The development of the artwork is partly included in the presentation
The preferred medium for implementing these ideas was video technology. In process art, it is not the result that is in the foreground, but the action, or rather the process of creating a picture or object that has been captured on photo, film or video material. In a broader sense, the artwork is still subject to a natural process of change due to everyday influences (viewer, erosion, tides, times of day, etc.).
Process art is close to Arte Povera.
Well-known representatives in Germany are Jochen Gerz, Eva Hesse, Klaus Rinke, Ulrich Rückriem or Franz Erhard Walther; internationally, Joseph Beuys, Barry Le Va, Robert Morris, Bruce Nauman, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Richard Serra and Jiro Takamatsu are counted among the process artists.