New Objectivity, as a style in the visual arts, developed in the German-speaking world after the First World War and represents a reaction to Expressionism. As the term already suggests, New Objectivity offered a return to reality and a concentration on the objectively perceptible. The style is therefore also referred to as the new representational painting of the Weimar Republic, which distanced itself from the more abstract, romantic or idealistic tendencies of Expressionism.
It encompasses different currents. While some representatives of New Objectivity look at society from a socially critical point of view and bring the grievances of the Weimar Republic to light with their work, others are guided by classicism or develop a magical-realist variant of painting that can be understood as a bridge to Surrealism.