Hudson River School is the name of a group of American landscape painters active in the mid-19th century who were close to German Romantic painting, especially the Düsseldorf School of Painting, and later the Barbizon School. The subject of their paintings is the Hudson River valley, the Catskill Mountains, Niagara Falls on the Canadian-American border, the Adirondack Mountains and the White Montains in New Hampshire. Their scenery was not limited to that of the USA, however; the Andes, Jamaica, and depictions of religious, ancient and literary scenes (for example, James Fenimore Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans) also became the subject of their landscapes.
Hudson River School
Thomas Cole (1801-1848) is considered the founder of the Hudson River School. Cole moved to New York (then already the centre of the American art scene) in 1825 and travelled to the Catskill Mountains in September and October of the same year to paint the first depictions of the area. His collaborator and friend was the landscape painter Asher Brown Durand (1796-1886). The second generation is represented, among others, by Cole's best pupil Frederic Edwin Church.