The Hague School is a group of artists who lived and worked in The Hague between 1870 and 1920. Their work was strongly influenced by the realistic painters of the French Barbizon School.
The Hague School painters generally used relatively sombre colours, which is why the Hague School is sometimes called the Grey School.
After the great flowering of Dutch art in the Golden Age of the 17th century, there were economic and political problems that led to a decline in artistic activity.
Around 1830, the visual arts in the Netherlands experienced a revival, which is now called the Romantic period of Dutch painting. The style was an imitation of the great artists of the
The most widespread paintings of this period were landscapes and paintings reflecting national history. Andreas Schelfhout was a painter of landscapes, especially winter scenes, but also of forests and the dunes between The Hague and Scheveningen.
Among his best-known pupils were Wijnand Nuyen, Johan Barthold Jongkind and Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch. Schelfhout's friend and occasional collaborator Hendrik van de Sande Bakhuyzen mainly composed pastoral landscapes such as those of the Golden Age master Paulus Potter, but also trained several prominent artists of the Hague School, in particular his son Julius van de Sande Bakhuyzen, Willem Roelofs, Francois Pieter ter Meulen, Hubertus van Hove and Weissenbruch. Wijnand Nuyen was one of the best Romantic artists of his time and had a great influence on Weissenbruch and Johannes Bosboom.
The painting of the Hague School came to fruition in the late 19th century, laying foundations for modernism in the Netherlands on which van Gogh and Mondrian later built. Thus they are among the direct precursors of Neo-Impressionism.