Fantastic Realism refers to a style of painting developed from the surrealism of Hans Bellmer and Salvador Dalí, which appeared after the Second World War, especially in Austria and Germany, and whose representatives were almost all still traumatically affected by the horrors of the Second World War. The term 'visionary art' often appears in connection with these artists.
The main representatives were the mannerist artists of the Viennese School of Fantastic Realism, "whose pictorial subjects consisted of mythical themes, cosmic dreams, Old Testament fables and apocalyptic visions". Typical of them is thus fine painting in a psychologising style that also incorporated surrealist elements. The works were neither purely abstract nor rigidly realistic.
Furthermore, the following artists: Fritz Aigner, Angerer the Elder, Hans Bellmer, Arik Brauer, Gisela Breitling, Peter Collien, Otfried H. Culmann, Edgar Ende, Ernst Fuchs, Hansruedi Giger, Fabius von Gugel, Joe Hackbarth, Thomas Häfner, Friedrich Hechelmann, Wolfgang Hutter, Rudolf Hausner, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Peter Klitsch, Anton Lehmden, Helmut Leherb, Franz Radziwill, Gerhard Swoboda, Bruno Weber, A. Wiard Wiards, Richard Matouschek, Carel Willink and Mac Zimmermann.