Abstraction-Création was a cosmopolitan association of modernist artists founded in Paris on 15 February 1931 on the initiative of the Belgian painter, sculptor and architect Georges Vantongerloo, which existed until 1937. Other founding members - many of whom had previously belonged to the Cercle et Carré group, others to Theo van Doesburg's Art concret - were Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Hans Arp, Theo van Doesburg, Antoine Pevsner, Naum Gabo and Auguste Herbin. The group quickly grew to nearly 400 members.
The aim of "Abstraction-Création" was to create a forum for abstract art. This included joint exhibitions, readings and discussions as well as public relations and publications.
The group became the intellectual and organisational centre and the rallying point for the concerns of the representatives of the concrete, constructivist and geometric art movements.
In the years from 1932 to 1937, the artists' association published the almanac Abstraction-Création, Art non-figuratif. The association did a great deal of theoretical and methodological groundwork for non-objective art. The artists were engaged in colour studies in which physical-optical phenomena were researched that have an effect on the viewer's vision. These include, for example, flicker effects and spatially plastic colour vision.
The content-related and high-profile work of "Abstraction-Création" and its exhibitions contributed significantly to increasing the social recognition of abstract art. The group "Abstraction-Création" disbanded in 1937