Marcel Duchamp (born July 28, 1887 in Blainville-Crevon, France, † October 2, 1968 in Neuilly-sur-Seine near Paris, France), actually Henri Robert Marcel Duchamp, was a French-American painter and object artist. He is a co-founder of conceptual art and is one of the pioneers of Dadaism and Surrealism. The Prix Marcel Duchamp is named after him. Duchamp, along with Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, is generally regarded as one of the three artists who helped shape the revolutionary developments in the visual arts in the first decades of the 20th century and who are responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture. Duchamp had an immense impact on 20th- and 21st-century art. By the time of World I he had rejected the work of many of his fellow artists (such as Henri Matisse) as "retinal" art, intended only to please the eye. Instead, Duchamp wanted to use art to serve the mind.